Lockdown Practicalities

…turns out it’s mostly about food!

At the start of South Africa’s level 5 lockdown back in March 2020, it was clear that there was going to have to be a shift from me trying to be more outgoing as was the case for so many people throughout this pandemic. We would be “stuck” at home for what I assumed would be far longer than the proposed three weeks. I’m ok with staying home, especially here, and I recognise my privilege in having choice and security in those choices. We have space – SOOOO much space – and an income we can rely on for some time. For me, managing my mental and physical health became a question more of what to do with the time. I wouldn’t be able to arrange meetings with friends or go out mooching for some time. My initial thought was that I would essentially focus on a bit of reading and ‘finishing Netflix’. What happened, though, was unexpected in that I found myself actually getting quite restless – physically. We bought paint and finally made this place ‘our own’, but what to do once the painting was finished? I had been letting my workout routine lapse a little, so I took it up more concertedly, helping to stave off the ‘lockdown excess’. This was necessary, given that I’d decided that baking would now be something else I could work on. We are fortunate in that both my husband and I are decent cooks. He does almost all the day-to-day cooking, while I initially contributed by baking breakfast muffins and the odd cake as a treat. Now, almost a year on, tea and cake has become a daily marker and I am far more experimental in general.

On our last meal out together, my husband and I went to a well-known steak chain for a meal. I’m a fan of a nice cheesecake, and it’s almost always something that draws my eye on a restaurant menu. However, in South Africa, I’ve often been disappointed to find that coconut Tennis biscuits are often used in the base of cheesecakes. I cannot tolerate coconut these days – a physical reaction, not just my dislike of the flavour and texture – so I had become accustomed to checking before ordering. This was the worst response I’d had, though. The waiter assured me that no coconut was used, having spoken with the kitchen/management staff, so I was quite upset when this turned out to be incorrect. Worse – the manager insisted that there was no coconut and offered to show me the recipe. I took him up and immediately pointed out that they were clearly using a coconut biscuit in their base! “Well, what else am I supposed to use, eh?” was his grumped response.  I couldn’t resist, “Hmmm… ginger biscuits, digestives, maybe?”. The tip was meagre, suffice to say, and we apologised to the waiter that his manager’s attitude had affected our experience but slipped him a discreet ‘extra’ to make up for it.

Anyway, lockdown, I decided, would give me the opportunity to seek out and develop my own baked cheesecake recipe – guaranteed coconut-free. We also happened to have a glut of lemons in our garden, so my first attempt was a baked lemon and blueberry cheesecake using a ginger biscuit base. I started out trying to find recipes from South African cooks – figuring that I would be more likely to find them working with locally available ingredients. UK friends: I am yet to find a reliable source for low-fat crème fraiche! Eventually, I found what looked to be an interesting recipe from Zola Nene – a blueberry swirl cheesecake with a ginger biscuit base. My first attempt ended up being an approximation, mainly because it used a lot of full fat cream cheese and I wanted to finish up some lower fat alternatives we only used occasionally. I found out that quark is just fat free smooth cottage cheese (easy to find in our local Pick n Pay supermarket) and decided to use that to replace some of the full fat cream cheese. It is sloppier, so my first attempt was a little too wet by the time we got to the end (with only two of us eating it, it lasted about a week!), but it worked. I experimented after that until I ended up with a fairly settled recipe – a mishmash of so many other recipes I forget! Anyway, after several weeks of lockdown cheesecake, even the home workouts weren’t helping and I was grateful when the lockdown regulations were eased to allow outdoor exercise. We took up running and haven’t (quite) looked back.

Experimenting with something as tricky as the cheesecake gave me more confidence to experiment elsewhere and eventually, I jumped onto the banana bread bandwagon. Hearing Diane Morgan recommending Nigella’s coffee banana bread on the radio one morning, I went in search of the recipe. Instead, I found a banana gingerbread recipe. It was one the author admitted that had been adapted from a Nigella recipe, so I gave it a shot. It was lovely – a nice moist, Christmassy-inspired cake, but I couldn’t help feeling it needed “something”. My husband has a nut allergy, so that was immediately ruled out. I tried adding some sunflower seeds, which was nice but not quite what I was looking for. Instead, I opted for a boozy mixed fruit option, which I’d seen in a Mary Berry and another Nigella cake. Both of those take some rum (we were still in the alcohol sales ban then, but had some brandy left over from last Christmas) and gently cook sultanas/raisins and allow them to soak up the booze. I have since taken a slower approach: I soak the fruit for two weeks or longer, transferring the leftover syrupy liquid from one batch to the next.

There is a certain ‘feel’ I think you can get for cooking and baking that comes partly with time, partly with practice and partly from being inquisitive. The best chefs are amazing inventors, putting so much time and effort into their craft, I was hesitant for so long to mess with their recipes. Surely, if it wasn’t working, it was my fault, right? Not necessarily, though. My trawling through recipes for new ideas has shown me that it isn’t heresy to ‘do your own thing’. I’ve often gone my own way, using ideas I’ve seen and adjusted for either what I’ve got in the cupboard or how I feel at the time, but I’ve almost never done it with my baking. In that regard, until the pandemic hit, I was a strictly ‘by the books’ baker. That is partly how the pandemic has changed me: I’ve adapted a few recipes this year, coming up with my own take on a couple of home-made ‘lighter’ Christmas puddings (again, taking the fruit-soaking approach which worked so well for the banana bread). One traditional pudding got soaked in brandy for the weeks leading up to Christmas. Another was an adapted ginger sponge pudding, which exploded out of the container while cooking (using the traditional steaming method – needs a slightly larger container than was available), but which was amazing otherwise!

A couple of times, experiments have worked rather too well, yielding far too many of Dorah Sithole’s chocolate beetroot cakes, for instance, for two people to get through in a week. The neighbours we have bonded with remotely through our lockdown humour very much appreciated the contribution, though.  The biggest lockdown breach happened when they sent out a cry for “just a beer or two” when South Africa’s alcohol ban ticked into its third month. It kicked off my most experimental phase – making ginger beer with plain bread yeast rather than the recommended champagne or brewer’s yeast. I took the slow route, figuring that if I didn’t have the perfect yeast, it would be better simply to go for flavour in case the fermenting part didn’t work well. That turned out to be almost too successful, and when alcohol sales were reinstated, we still had a good few litres of boozy ginger beer to get through!

If all of this sounds like a fabulous triumph, then it leaves me to mention the very disappointing chocolate avocado frozen yoghurt experiment. That, I believe, was almost definitely one substitution too far. The original recipe called for coconut milk, which I replaced with yoghurt, but the avo was nowhere near ripe enough and overall, the flavours just didn’t come together. Part of me is convinced that it could still work, but I need to ruminate more on just how to ‘fix’ that recipe! I’m happy to share the actual recipes I have so far ‘tweaked’ if there’s enough interest, so feel free to message me if you’re interested – @nomthagawe on Twitter or Insta.


Farm Attacks – Historical and Cognitive Dissonance in the “White Genocide” Narrative

Criminality and violence in contemporary South Africa has become firmly embedded in the national discourse. The Comaroffs, in “Law and Disorder in the Postcolony” once wrote that, ‘a decade after the end of apartheid in South Africa, the poor and the marginal still look sceptically upon statutes protecting the rich: a large proportion of them see crime as an acceptable means of redistribution, even vengeance,’. There is at the same time a certain cultural obsession or fascination with criminal violence: ‘South Africans of all stripes are also captivated by images of crime and policing, either it be in the form of avid rumour or home-grown telenovelas, Hollywood horror or high theatre, earnest documentaries or trashy melodramas,’ (ibid.) . However, the “Farm attack” has developed its own mythology which comprises a particularly violent form of attack more recently associated with accusations of white or Boer genocide. While in 1998, the South African Police Service (SAPS) declared farm attacks a priority, this was reversed in 2007, favouring what has been described as a broader rural safety approach. Pretorius, in a paper entitled “‘Dubula Ibhunu’ (Shoot the Boer)”, cites a 2003 SAPS report, which stated that ‘…farm robberies were more violent than urban robberies’ and goes on to lay the claim that white victims were at higher risk of being killed. This appears to have added fuel to the ensuing claim of genocide as the motivation behind farm attacks.

‘The farm is representative of post-apartheid South Africa, but most commercial farmers are still white. Moreover, the situation of farm workers is often still starkly reflective of the colonist-colonised bind,’ (ibid.). However, it is essential that the discourse around the motives for such violence is directly addressed and demystified as in Steinberg’s 2002 book, Midlands. Here, the rural blacks (mainly tenants of the white farmer) saw themselves as never having benefited from the economic growth or the social transformation of the country as a whole. For them, nothing had changed, and they were stuck in a loop of the old apartheid interactions. Fanon would argue that, in his performance as “Master”, ‘the settler keeps alive in the native an anger which he deprives of outlet,’ (‘Black Skin, White Masks’, 1986). Against this background, the murder of a white farmer’s son comes to be seen not as a response or an action relating to race but as a release of this anger and more specifically as a reaction to a perceived series of betrayals.

Returning to Fanon, the portrayal of the ‘Negro [as] a phobogenic object, a stimulus to anxiety,’ plays directly into Hook’s ‘Petrified Life’ paper, but here Pretorius also links it to Crapanzano’s 1985 ethnography of White South Africans, ‘Waiting’. Ultimately, the question of projection arises, as Pretorius asks, ‘Could it be that the inferiority complex of the Afrikaners triggered/triggers the racist “othering”, the projection of the Afrikaner shadow onto black people, the banal, habitual demeaning of the “other” as proof of the “own” civility?’ There can be no immediate answer to this, but a further question arises: ‘Could the primal fear in white South Africans that Crapanzano sensed have something to do with their internalisation of being phobic and foreign objects in a black world?’ The link to fear, as evidenced by Fanon, is not new but the connection to phobogenesis, combined with a range of narrative sources, provides a more plausible explanation than that of white genocide. ‘Making sense of farm attacks demands recognition of certain psycho-political underpinnings. Internalised and projected images of the savage self/other triggers the archetypal violence that is often present in farm attacks,’ (Fanon, 1986).

In considering this phenomenon of the farm attack, I have used specific examples to illustrate a form of historical dissonance. The narratives have an historical background but, despite significant evidence to the contrary, the emerging explanation paints a distorted impression of the power relations. I therefore propose that historical dissonance is evident in the aspect of temporality related to politically appropriated explanations of farm attacks. The projection of a future genocide as retributive action for historical injustice (apartheid) represents a particularly sinister form of historical dissonance. 

Open Letter to South Africa: I’m here locked down away from ‘home’ but more at home than ever. Can I please stay?

My husband and I returned to what has been our part-time home in South Africa late in November 2019 in the hopes of a long stay during which time I would complete my application for South African citizenship, but that in itself is a much longer story, the short version being that I was born in the UK to exiled South African parents. Anyway, my husband and I have been back and forth for a while and now we really just want to settle. For both of us, our home in Johannesburg feels more and more the place we want to be.

Watching the coronavirus pandemic take hold has been scary, eerie and slightly surreal. While the numbers tell us that this is a growing problem which South Africa cannot ignore, we don’t see it when we go out or when we talk to friends here. We don’t feel it when we go outside. We don’t know anyone with Covid-19 or even anyone who has tested positive. It does, however, feel like a different story when talking to friends in the UK, though. Their numbers are accompanied by personal experiences, making us glad we decided not to return to the UK immediately.

At the end of January, we received our confirmation that our 90-day visitor visas had been extended until May and it was such a relief. We planned to return to the UK and from there, apply for longer term residence visas, all the while hoping that my South African citizenship would be confirmed. However, as reports came back from around the world and, more frequently from friends and family in the UK, that the spread and the mortality rate of Covid-19 was worse than any simple ‘flu, I knew it was inevitable that South Africa would not be spared. While the UK continued to enjoy its freedoms, I devoured reports about the novel virus and, unlike with the previous SARS virus, I started to take precautions. Spotting disinfectant wipes in Pick n Pay one day in early March, I grabbed them and installed them in our car. I wiped down handles, the dashboard, the steering wheel, and internal surfaces immediately and have done so regularly since then. While I have carried a small hand sanitiser bottle for years, I didn’t consider it as essential as I did for this virus. Something about all of this felt different. My (immuno-compromised) son in the UK at first dismissed it as ‘just another ‘flu, Mum’ but I urged him to take it more seriously and he is lucky enough to have a job where he can completely work from home. He’s now been in some form of isolation since the beginning of March. Talking the situation over with my husband as more countries announced travel bans, we decided to stay in South Africa for the duration of our visa extension rather than put pressure on already straining services trying to repatriate people. #we’restaying has become our mantra.

I have, therefore, been highly invested both in how Covid-19’s impact has been managed both in the UK and here in SA.  So many of the UK’s systems, protocols and principles are embedded into South Africa’s bureaucracy that my husband and I often note that it feels like we are in a UK of the 1970s, only with way more sun. Tracking the way that the two countries have so far handled this pandemic, though, has given me more confidence that our decision to settle in South Africa is a positive step. While just weeks ago, with the UK seeing greater numbers of infections daily, the UK’s Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, told people that he was still happy to greet people and shake hands, we started to see South Africa mobilising firstly to track and then manage the arrival of the virus. That he later succumbed to the virus and suffered intensely is the ultimate in tragic irony and I am grateful that he is at least recovering well. Still, there will always be (reasonable) criticism of both approaches, but in South Africa, the imperative rather appears to be the preservation of life and the importance of its citizens, while in the UK it was the preservation of personal freedoms and an attitude which treated the virus as a sentient, actively threatening enemy. This is not a war we can understand in militaristic terms. This is a fight for survival for many, but it is also a fight which (thankfully) many will naturally overcome. Like many people, across various WhatsApp groups I saw reports which varied in their helpfulness, hopefulness, accuracy and detail.

As South Africa’s infection numbers climbed in the first few weeks, the UK was tracking similar numbers of fatalities, so in one sense, we knew that the UK was essentially ahead of whatever curve we might find ourselves on. However, both countries eventually went into lockdown at almost the same time, although in SA we were given a couple of days to prepare ourselves (for those of us with the luxury of both time and money). The UK government had been shocked into action, it seemed, by the way in which some people responded to the closing of clubs and bars – news reports and timelines were full of revellers flooding the streets in a ‘final hurrah’ over the weekend. By that time, South Africa had already announced severe restrictions on bars and restaurants selling alcohol. The lockdown was inevitable, but it came swiftly and decisively. SA’s lockdown conditions are far more stringent than those of the UK (more about that later), but it feels as though it should really be the other way around. The attitude of the UK towards South Africa is still that of a benevolent, much wiser elder. This feels woefully anachronistic now, and I sincerely hope it is one of the aspects which, when we settle into our new normal, gets tossed aside with the rest of the useless attitudinal junk. In fact, seeing the briefing arranged by the Minister of Health, Dr Zweli Mkhize, my husband and I were amazed at just how much information was provided, and at the way that South Africa had been able to trace a very different curve in its covid-19 epidemic than had been the case for the UK. South Africa has (at least for now) given itself time to prepare and cope with whatever is to come while the world’s scientific communities continue to develop treatments and (eventually) vaccines. So, at least in South Africa, we can see and (hopefully) understand that this lockdown came early enough to delay what has happened elsewhere: a far higher rate of transmission in the early stages and tragic numbers of fatalities due to lack of health care capacity rather than the disease itself.

Still, I would love right now to be allowed to go for a walk around the neighbourhood as my husband and I had taken to enjoying. However, this simple form of exercise is forbidden under SA’s lockdown regulations and, in my humble opinion, if the lockdown continues, it should immediately be relaxed. Regular exercise is so important for a healthy mental outlook and it would be a reasonable measure to relieve pressure for those whose homes and gardens do not otherwise allow them to enjoy physical space. The argument against is too much in line with the militaristic attitude to the fight against this virus than it is to truly holistic public health concerns. Maintaining social distancing in areas where people live in close quarters should similarly be part of the consideration. In many areas, it cannot reasonably be a lockdown where the streets are empty. People simply do not have the luxury of remaining in their homes if their homes have no facilities. The attitudes and the roles of the police the defence force (SANDF) need to be carefully managed throughout this crisis. The idea being to try and minimise the early spread of the virus should also recognise the reality of how people will behave when they don’t recognise the danger as being real. In many ways, South Africa’s lockdown has come too soon and too hard. The surreal nature of the virus means that many will simply not take it seriously and, if lockdown regulations are too strict, it will fail to convince those whose living conditions are less conducive to isolation.

As it happens, I’m sat enjoying a glass of wine this evening, having been one of the consumers who helped to empty the bottle shop shelves in the days before lockdown began. If I were in the UK buying alcohol and even going for a walk would be permitted during the lockdown. I would be able to grab a bottle of wine or few along with my ‘essential food shop’ and go for a run, jog, bike ride, or walk my (non-existent) dog. I could even get cooked hot food or just about anything else delivered (contact-free).Yet, fatalities here in South Africa are still in double figures, while in the UK, they exceed 18,000 and the UK’s fatalities in the hundreds daily currently far outstrip South Africa’s daily infection rates.

For my part, I get to enjoy much more space here in South Africa.  With a large garden, I can actually get most of my 10,000 steps in just by watering the plants. In the UK, I’m lucky to push it up to 4,000 if I’m at home all day and make sure I actually take note of my Fitbit’s hourly movement reminders.

Anyway, we’ve now done almost four weeks of lockdown in South Africa and so far our only serious moment of concern came when our tenant and gardener went out to work for another family on the first Tuesday of the lockdown. The dilemma of informal workers is one I knew would be a tough element for South Africa to address in any lockdown scenario. He works a few days here and there for different people, so talking to him, it’s unclear whether he knows what he may be entitled to by way of compensation or even how he might claim it. Yet, it is also something which his other employers knew would be a law-breaking activity. In theory, the situation of him going ‘there’ to work and then coming back should be no more of a risk than his going to the shop to buy groceries. However, it was an act which broke the law and we had, therefore, to be clear that we would not tolerate further breaches. We had already offered and have since provided him extra work to make up for his loss of external income, but these are tough calls to make. Our domestic only works one day a week for us – she works at a car wash around the corner and at another home on the days she is not at the car wash. When I asked her about claiming unemployment, she had no idea what I was talking about, but it may also be the case that there was a simple language gap – I don’t know enough isiZulu to translate welfare state benefit claim procedures! I offered to pay her for the time not worked but she insisted that she would be ok, but the car wash has been shut down since lockdown started and I know that they are ‘no work; no pay’ employers. She got in touch finally today to ask to come back to work. About a week ago, I received a WhatsApp message from an informal trader who had made a cosy for my coffee plunger some time ago. She has a young baby and is struggling, but what do I tell her? There’s nothing we need or want, but should I suggest that she makes masks for people local to her? I tracked down some local numbers for food parcels and welfare for now and sent her the details. I received a thanks, but am worried that it is simply not enough. Yesterday, the President announced a massive expansion of the welfare system, but are they eligible? Are they aware of that or able to claim?

When the notice of the two-week lockdown extension came late on the eve of Good Friday, I must admit that it came as an emotional blow but at least it was only on that level. I had hoped to hear news of the exit strategy then but that is still to come and we are in a relatively secure position overall. The halt in so many economic activities, while effective, remains a huge concern. Things really do need to change. I recently read a piece which claimed to have a ‘blueprint’ for recovery, yet which only sketched the briefest of outlines for business recovery. South Africa needs to address this aspect far more comprehensively than it has done so far. Keeping restaurants and bars closed is a good move, but it could help to support the vulnerable if those which were able to offer contact-free delivery and food preparation services could continue. Similarly, most “non-essential goods” retailers do not need to open stores, but could maintain some level of service by providing online shopping and opening up more general e-commerce opportunities which could ensure contact-free deliveries. We have not even received courier deliveries or any post since the lockdown was announced. The lockdown conditions, it seemed, considered only physical health concerns in terms of ‘physical movement’ but has completely ignored mental health as a serious issue. We have not been able to order books or games to help while away the time we are locked down. We cannot carry out any more work on the home than we planned to do before it was enacted (my husband and I bought a couple of vats of paint, by the way). About a month ago, our oven and hob packed up. We were lucky we were able to replace them before the lockdown, but it was a bizarre source of anxiety as I started looking around at other things which might break while we are unable to buy replacements. Most oddly, though, I find myself, having quit smoking comfortably some years ago, unaccountably anxious on behalf of smokers who were not able to stock up sufficiently before the lockdown began. Neighbours in our WhatsApp group have started sending out pleas for spare alcohol (homeschooling is apparently taking its toll).

Still, in all of this, very little day to day has actually changed for me and my husband. We have fairly quiet social lives and go out for drinks or dinner with friends every now and then. We’ve managed to peg out a small croquet playing area on our lawn and we do way more baking than before. We used to cook pretty much every day beforehand, so now we just have to ensure we think in terms of weeks rather than days and do less meal planning – more outlining. My repertoire now includes cheesecakes made with fruits from our garden. My husband is yet to perfect his bread, but I’m glad he’s still trying. While in South Africa, we tended keep tabs on friends in the UK via social media, but we rarely spoke to them while we were away during previous visits. Some kept in touch via direct messaging, which is great but was rarely sustained. This is really where the lockdown has (at least for now) changed things. Last week, we joined a ‘virtual pub’ night with friends in Devon; we’ve found a regular ‘virtual pub quiz’ to join in on YouTube; my son ‘joins’ us for lunches and dinners, and we can spend hours chatting and pottering around. My refs society had an online quiz and social meeting today which is likely to continue during lockdown. The weekend following our arrival in November, our neighbourhood WhatsApp group had arranged a braai, which allowed us to meet more of the neighbours here than we have ever met in the UK. Since then, the group has been much more friendly and generally active than before (we have been members for over two years, by the way) and the lockdown has seen a marked increase… although mainly in bad lockdown memes and jokey video clips. My family here in South Africa has been similarly way more active on WhatsApp and I hear from them every day (unfortunately with some conforming to the stereotypical elderly relative forwarding far too many fake news messages, videos and corona memes). We have video calls scheduled with friends in the coming weeks and I have installed a pile of apps just to keep up.

This South African lockdown is just one aspect of the fight to contain and manage a virus which has no cure, no vaccine and for which an effective treatment is still being developed. Add to the mix a population with significant numbers of people diagnosed with either HIV, TB or both, the effect that this virus might have in South Africa is completely untested. That the UK has not yet managed to flatten out the rate of its fatalities (as I write, the UK’s covid-19 fatalities remain in the hundreds daily and those are only the deaths identified in hospitals – figures from the wider community are not included and could increase this figure by as much as 50%) implies that the freedoms currently enjoyed there may yet need to be reviewed. Meanwhile, we are hanging on in here, hoping that we can extend our visas for a while longer. South Africa feels like the safer place to be and my hope is that what has been achieved in terms of an initial redirection of the trend seen elsewhere is recognised for what it is: a comprehensive, considered approach to the local management of an epidemic. The details need further refinement, particularly the crudeness of the lockdown approach and more recent amendments including the banning of the sale of hot, cooked food from any outlet. We all need the lockdown to get smarter rather than harder in order to continue to be effective. The government’s briefings do not pull any punches, though. This is a long struggle. This virus is not just going to disappear. So, for now, #we’restaying, and hope to be able to contribute to South Africa’s recovery. If you’ll have us, that is.


Last Days with My Father

Ultimately – it’s about pain

Not always in a bad way, though. The sad, dull pain of absence I had felt for the years I was prevented from seeing my Dad was eclipsed last year by the joyous pain of being able to spend so much time with him as a carer and to ensure he could reconnect with so many of his old friends. All of us in some way shared some difficult moments with him: we got angry, weepy, silly, wistful but – worst of all – at times we felt completely and utterly helpless. We shared some extremely precious moments – especially when his sense of humour came to the fore. His reaction was classically “Dad” when I confirmed that I had successfully been accepted into the MSc African Studies course at Oxford… by St Hugh’s.First elation and then just a tinge of exaggerated fake disappointment “oh – not Trinity, then?”

Being a carer for a parent carries a sense of having come full circle but at the same time, you have to recognise that there will be no long term gain in the way that there is with watching a child become more and more independent. The trajectory is not the same – it will inevitably be downwards. The only question is: how steep?

Mornings would often be his most confused time. He would sometimes insist that I update him on “our children”. Where were they? Were they well? Who was caring for them? That we were his first thought on waking was reassuring but I realised then that he was losing some level of control – things were starting to slip away at the edges. At least I could reassure him in return: “We’re doing just fine, Dad. Vu is well and she will see you soon. I am well and here with Antony, we’re doing OK, Dad,” and he would relax – bringing himself gently back into the moment.

Later in the day, he would often be much more engaged, and, although he might not always participate fully. He would enjoy listening to music, brightening up massively when Miriam Makeba came on the radio, and conversations and would sometimes interject with his own observations or comments. When we could see he was more engaged, we would get him doing physio and working on his mobility. Those days, it felt as though he would keep going for much longer. Then there were other times when he would suddenly just shut down – and worse were the times when his illness would prevent him eating or drinking. The most painful thing to watch was when he would take in a mouthful of food or drink but then he would freeze and just hold it in his mouth until he choked. Those days were tough – he couldn’t provide the control to spit it out; he couldn’t swallow (possibly some dysphagia, which is common with dementia patients); but neither could we do anything to help and we would just have to try and keep him safe.

In our case, his decline turned out to be much steeper than hoped. In the end it was extreme, and I am not sure whether he was happily letting go, having been able to reconnect with his family or wearily giving up after going through so much. I know that he wanted ultimately to return to South Africa but he also wanted to not to be a burden. He suffered one of the worst illnesses I can imagine for someone like him: a dementia which allowed him to retain a lot of his memories – he never forgot who we or even occasional visitors were – but which deprived him of control almost completely at times. His capacity to live was ultimately thwarted by the illness of his brain, which prevented him from taking in the nourishment he needed to stay alive and fight infections. There is no way to be angry at a disease like that, though. My Dad was unable to do anything about it and we, as family and carers, were helpless in the face of its destructive influence.

Being a child and caring for a parent is tough – that parent-child relationship often played out when my Dad would shout at me for trying to get him to eat more. But that rebellious child in me wouldn’t back down easily – and therein lay (at least part of) the rub! I was a stubborn, bolshy, opinionated teenager (no surprises there – where did I get that from? Actually, it probably came from both parents, to be fair – Mum had her own feistiness as her family fondly remembers!). So of course we had our share of clashes as I was growing up. I suppose that just as he was trying to make me more able to cope with the world growing up, I was trying to keep him resilient and more able to fight infections so that we could bring him back home. Should I have tried harder to push him to keep going even for a few more days? Would that have been crueller in the long run? There is only one answer because it’s what I did in the end – I accepted that there is an end to life and we all tried to ensure it was as peaceful and pain-free as possible.

My Dad has often not been good at addressing difficult or emotional issues head on, though, and this was terribly apparent when he was more lucid. He would prefer to talk in metaphors or around the subject. It was irritating at the best of times but more so when dealing with health professionals, who are often just looking for a straight answer! And so, I would just as often be an interpreter as well, having to explain his jokes or turns of phrase. For example, “there’s something rotten in the state of Denmark,” was his euphemism for needing the loo. But one of the most important talks we had was when I was questioning bringing him to the UK. He had physical strength, but I wasn’t sure whether it would be too much for him. He could clearly see that I was distressed, and he said gently, “Don’t worry. You are doing the right thing. You have done the right thing and you will do the right thing, I know,” Those words meant so much and have kept me going the past few weeks. He had often said in the weeks leading up to his coming to the UK, “I just want whatever gets us all to be together again,” although the unspoken part was “one last time”.

I heard so many people talk about my Dad’s many amazing talents and achievements – and his humility only makes this more important. We knew how playful and loving he could be, but it has been important to hear from others how he touched their lives. He served his people and his country in fighting for freedom and, as an active member and representative of the ANC, ensuring that the world did not ignore the plight of those struggling under Apartheid. Later, as South Africa’s Ambassador, he ensured that South Africa’s representation in the world was dignified, deliberate and diligent. In both of his postings, I remember the staff fondly talking about how he made the role his own – he took it on as a full-time job and did his homework. Several times, they remarked on how unusual it was for ambassadors to be in the office at 8am and staying for the whole day!

I will miss so much about him, but in many ways, these past few years without any access to him have also given me a template for how to survive this. I wish my Dad had spent more time to help me learn better isiXhosa (although he was impressed at how much I had managed to pick up along the way informally) and I wish he had taught me the history of my family and his struggles in particular. I wish he had shared more of his stories – my sister and I had asked him so many times to write a memoir – and it is a shame that so many of these will be lost. But most of all, I will miss the small things, like never again hearing anyone call me “Me-tali-toe”; his beautiful singing and funny dancing; his cheeky wink and – of course – his extreme dimples!

Rest in Peace, Dad.

A Look Back in Anger (although feeling way more chilled about it all now)

In reviewing this blog site, I just realised a couple of things: firstly, how rarely I blog; and secondly, that I never actually got around to writing up any of the stories from our extended holiday in South Africa last year.  The whole holiday was incredible and I’m a bit disappointed with myself for not writing it up in more detail while it was still fresh in my mind, but on the other hand, it gives  me a bit of licence to be more floral in my telling now, right?

Thanks.  Although I suspect now that this will be less florid than I initially intended. Oh well.

I don’t quite remember when Ant and I had that first conversation about us living in South Africa (my first draft, written while sitting in my living room in Oxford, said “here”… this lets you know where my heart and mind are currently!) for three months, but I do remember that we booked it almost as soon as the airlines made the tickets available.  Before I’d even worked out how to take 3 months’ holiday from work. The main issue was that we had to wait for the return dates to become available.  I wasn’t checking daily but certainly weekly.  I wanted to maximise our time there, so I booked for exactly 90 days… This caused some other issues later on down the line when we tried to leave on what we thought was the 90th day and got ourselves banned for a year for overstaying by 1 day. By then, though, we knew a lot more about how bureaucracy works in South Africa – which is generally slowly, inconsistently and highly inefficiently.  My thoughts on that may yet find their way into another set of scribblings. Anyway, we decided we definitely wanted to have Christmas and New Year in Oxford and would fly out to South Africa some time in early January.  As we would be staying a while, we wanted to get the feeling of having a home there, so we also found ourselves a place of our own – Airbnb had come along at just the right time for us and South Africa is well placed to take advantage of the options.

It’s a funny thing, but almost as soon as we set up South African phone numbers and got ourselves online, so many things slipped into “being at home”, although our days were probably busier there than they were back in Oxford.  We were back in touch with some of my family, who would pick up the phone just to catch up and check on us or arrange to drop by in a way that so many people don’t seem to do when we are home in Oxford. After a few weeks, feeling as though things were sliding solidly into place, we decided to start looking at a few houses (not seriously, of course, just to see what we could get… honest).

Almost the first thing we did after settling in a day or so was to drop by my Dad’s home (his wife’s house) to see if we could get through to him and – after what had by then become our usual frustrated, fruitless attempt at getting someone to answer the gate, we left a Birthday card for him.  At that point, I assumed that we should be able to achieve something more in our extended stay – we had 3 months to drop in at random times, after all. A few things had changed since our last visit to the house – the solid wall had been damaged by a fallen tree last time we tried and had now been replaced by a metal fence, so we could see around the house and a little way into the yard for the first time.  A dog barked in the yard and we could vaguely hear childrens’ voices at the back of the house, probably in the courtyard away from the road. We could also see my father’s Range Rover parked further up the drive and another car blocking it in closer to the gate.  After our initial shouts, the childrens’ voices stopped and the house went still – there were a few windows open on the ground floor as well as upstairs, but no one acknowledged our presence so, after about 30 minutes, we left the card with our contact details and went back home.

Something niggled at me for a while – with the change to the external wall, I wanted to ensure that we still had the correct address and see if we could make any progress in finding more contact details.  So, I did some research and contacted a private investigator. The latter I did a few weeks later, having been unsuccessful in another attempt or two trying to get anyone to respond to our attempts to visit my father. I noted briefly earlier that I wasn’t the only one who had tried over the years – various family members and friends have been blocked via different routes and in the process, we have also heard that there are a few stories being told about the family’s bad behaviour and rejection of my Dad’s wife. To hear my Aunt talk about at least one of these stories is infuriating and heart-breaking. She doesn’t need to go into detail but it’s clear that she was not believed even by people whom she thought knew better.  For my part, no one knew us (my sister and I), so apparently found it easy to believe that we had no interest in knowing, caring for or supporting either my Dad or his wife. It hurt to hear tales of reports that painted us as hateful, ungrateful and uncaring daughters who rejected his re-marriage so cruelly. That this is a lie is pretty much a waste of words and time, though. We had been cut off from contact very effectively – we were just shut down.

I can’t quite remember what I thought when the report came through from the private investigator – I certainly wasn’t sure where I might take things from there but they came up with phone numbers and were even able to confirm how recently they had been activated.  The first two were mobile numbers registered to my father – one had only been activated a few months previously, so should still have been active.  The third was a landline.  The first mobile number went dead (no longer active) while the second went straight to voicemail every time I tried.  I left voicemails nonetheless fairly certain that there would be no way my Dad would ever pick them up himself.  The landline turned out to be a wrong number – no one of that name there and it certainly wasn’t for the correct address. The frustration of the experience is unbelievable – I shook every time I picked up the phone to try calling – trying to anticipate what my Dad might say after all these years.  Would he be able to talk for long? Would he even know how long it had been? Would he even know who he was talking to? What if he just didn’t want to engage?  What then?  But none of the numbers worked and by then, we were already into March!  I don’t recall who first suggested a legal route – maybe it was just a confluence of many conversations but Ant was certainly behind the final move and it seemed that there were only a few limited options left.  Calling at the house, we had once or twice managed to talk to neighbours and tried the numbers they had for them to no avail. One other time, a young man passing confirmed that he knew the family and thought that the “old man” was well looked after but “the old lady could be so strange with people”. My cousins had even tried to make contact via her sons, but those routes soon fizzled out. None of us were getting anywhere and it seemed about time to try something more formal, although at that stage I had no idea what might mean for us.

I tried a few people connected with various strands of the law and eventually a cousin suggested that we should try filing a missing persons’ report with the police. The attempt to do this (and, I assume, to avoid the associated paperwork) led to two visits to the house accompanied by the police. On the second attempt, I managed a glimpse of my father through the fence.  He and his wife emerged from the house and his face leapt into a brief smile when he recognised me and we waved to each other.  However, after that, things went downhill.  I was accused of lying, neglect, harassment and apparently extortion. At one point, the police officer appeared to accuse me of trying to trick him and I was left confused and frustrated.  I had not said a word other than to greet my father during the entire exchange. On the other hand, we were told that – under no circumstances – would we be allowed access at all.  Meanwhile, I was being denounced as a nasty, uncaring child who “…had never even given her father so much as an orange.”

Seeing my father so confused by this exchange, is probably when I resolved that this could not end there – Mrs Khoza had stood in front of us and lied.  She had – in almost the same breath – told the police that we had access whenever we liked and denied it at the same time. And they had believed her.  The last thing I wanted was for my father to believe her lies as well. He had to know that we still cared and thought about him; that he still had friends who, on losing contact with him, had sought me out and maintained a friendship; that he had been prevented from having an active connection to his family; that he had been denied this basic human right. The next day, we approached lawyers to bring an action in court to allow me access to my father. We wanted to bring the action for the whole family but, after a few discussions, we rationalised that, if we wanted to make an urgent application to the courts, it would have to be in my name because we could clearly show that I had very limited time – our flights home were fixed (oh the irony of our overstay!). The next few days were hectic but we got affidavits signed and somehow papers were served to bring an action for access to my father against his wife. Our attorneys were incredulous during this time, by the way. They couldn’t quite bring themselves to believe that someone would use access to a father against his children – they were much more used to the father filing for access to the children.  But then, they had never met Mrs Khoza. I could see that they would have to see this for themselves – although they were naturally very happy to take our money! The day that papers were served, our attorneys soon confirmed our worst fears – Mrs Khoza wanted to fight the action.

The exchanges that followed were baffling in many ways – at least one attorney had refused to take her case initially – but the fact that she intended to fight the action clearly confused the attorneys as much as anything else. Did she have some sort of counterclaim she could bring? Had we harmed Dad in any way? Could she have some other reason for preventing access? What weren’t we telling them? That was the subtext. By mid-afternoon, though, the response had changed and the attorneys came back with an offer to meet with my father informally the next day. As we had no guarantee that this would then mean anything more or even that it would be honoured, we agreed that we would be happy to meet him before the courts opened but otherwise, we would go ahead with the action. As no one turned up at the agreed meeting point the next morning, Ant and I headed to the courts. Having to sit back and watch the judge pick apart other cases was just another example of how far off the tourist trail our trip was. Even worse, was watching our advocate in court looking as though he couldn’t argue a case for toffee. At one point, I muttered my frustration to Ant and complained that we couldn’t go up there ourselves… Next thing I knew, Ant was up and striding to the front of the court… to the horror of our attorneys who hissed him back loudly. We didn’t go back into court after that, but clearly something was going on with both sets of attorneys and we were finally told that we would all meet at Mrs Khoza’s attorneys’ offices and arrange something more formal for the next day (our last day in South Africa).  This is the time when I finally got to speak with my Dad after years of having heard nothing – he confirmed that yes he did want to keep in touch but dismissed his lack of contact as his own fault: he didn’t like to use the phone and still hadn’t got the hang of those computer things! We didn’t have much time alone then but, when Mrs Khoza returned, she told us in no uncertain terms that we would not be welcome to have any form of relationship with her. We were not welcome at her home among other things and she went on to chronicle the sacrifices she had had to make in looking after my Dad with no help from the family!  I couldn’t even begin to categorise the disconnect but both sets of attorneys definitely stopped looking at me with that “sideways” glance. Hearing her rail and rant showed another side to her – especially given everything that we had just gone through.  When we were left alone, her attorney apologised profusely for his client’s behaviour and attitude!

We made plans for a more formal meeting the following day at Norwood mall when we would be allowed to spend time alone with my Dad.  The phone call to cancel came – as expected – early the next morning. Apparently, Dad was far too ill to go out that day.  So, we suggested that we should meet at a nearby clinic or at the hospital instead of a mall… We had lunch with my Dad later that day – he showed no signs of any fatigue and seemed confused when we asked if he had recovered from his illness.

The time we spent with Dad then was wonderful after everything we had all been through – it wasn’t really time for just us, though – we tried to connect him with as many family members and a few friends during that lunch but we also tried to find out how things worked for him. Did he have a phone? “Oh no – but you can phone any time,” (really, Dad – how if no one will answer the phone to us?). Did he want to maintain contact with people? “Oh yes – but it’s not easy to use the phone.  I forget”. At the end of the day, he clearly wanted to maintain his relationships – we just had to work out how that could be achieved. After a lovely couple of hours, we left my Dad in a bookshop, handed over to his wife and one of her Grandchildren. I knew then that that was only the start of a more complicated battle and I fully expected to have yet more frustration down the line.  We wouldn’t have a phone number for him or be able to maintain any form of communication in the meantime, but we had established some important rules: Mrs Khoza was now subject to a court order that required her to allow me contact with my Dad and we could use the principle of that order in future.

We had options.

An Unexpected Series of Events this Gawe Christmas

For some time now, spending time with my father has been a tricky point to consider in many ways.  How does one explain that his wife doesn’t allow the family any contact except under a court order?  Well – if you refer to previous blogs, there is not so much an explanation but an outline of some of the difficulties we have faced. Armed with such a court order from earlier this year, though, I thought we might have a better chance than ever of getting to see my Dad this Christmas/New Year and we might even be able to get a few people together to celebrate his 80th Birthday.  So, with many a finger crossed, we all booked our travel and a place to stay in Johannesburg.  We started the planning process in August, which included the process of contacting attorneys to agree on contact times/locations etc.

Come December 26th – 3 days to the party – we still hadn’t heard anything from the other attorneys and we were getting worried.  All the attorneys’ offices could well be closed for an extended holiday, so the lack of response was worrying.  Still – what was even more worrying was the call we got from my sister saying that she and my niece had been refused boarding!  South Africa’s immigration laws had changed since they last travelled and my sister could not now travel alone with her daughter without a signed, certified, original affidavit (not just any old letter) from her father.  It being Boxing Day, there was no way they were going to be able to resolve that on the day, so they had to steel themselves for a trudge back home and see what they could do the following day. Meanwhile, Jonas, Ant and I flew out frustrated that there was nothing we could have done to help.

I can only just outline here the obstacles that had to be overcome the following day – my niece’s Dad was enjoying his family Christmas and had to drive back into central London to find a working solicitor, following which he then drove them to Heathrow, only for them to have to be put on standby (luckily, there was no charge – BA recognises the issues that documentation can cause!), so all they could do was wait and fret. Meanwhile, in South Africa, my attorneys had received contact from Mrs Khoza’s (my father’s wife – I do not refer to her as having any closer relationship than that – I have my reasons) attorneys stating that they were not actually instructed by her to act other than to respond to the initial court order.  They tried to absolve themselves completely of all responsibility and stated that they had no contact details to act further.  This meant that we would have to return to court – with the earliest date possible now being Saturday 30th.  So, we decided to delay the party by a day in order to give the attorneys a chance.  So far – no luck on any count.  No father, no sister, delays and stresses at what seemed like every turn. But we did still have options! When my sister phoned to let us know she was finally through security and heading to the boarding gate at speed, I burst into tears – it wasn’t just the stress of their hellish day but I finally saw a little light on the horizon… We still had options!

28th December is my Aunt Nqa’s birthday but we only had time to send a quick message to her on the day and in the meantime, other family members were gathering in Jo’burg and we settled into our temporary home but we still had nothing formal from the attorneys.  Time was not on our side and finally, the attorneys suggested that we should try one last visit to Mrs Khoza’s house to try and make direct contact.  So, the next day, we headed out to see what we could do at the house.  Initially, there was no response, although we could hear a TV or radio in the house and occasional movements around the place.  We continued to wait and try making contact until eventually we spotted someone at a downstairs window.  We tried one last shout at the tops of our voices and were amazed when it seemed we had finally got through.  Mrs Khoza brought my father to the gate. It opened and my father stepped through. It shut and was locked immediately.  Despite several attempts to engage her, she just walked straight back into the house. But – my oh my – there in front of us stood my Dad.  He greeted us all so warmly – but it was so unexpected… when should we return him? What about his medication? Wouldn’t he need more than just the clothes he was standing in (in South Africa, you are expected – it may even be a legal requirement – to carry a valid ID card)? But we also couldn’t leave everyone standing outside the house, so we returned to our rented home and there reunited my Dad with his brother and other family members. Dad was lovely – although slow to engage at first and we realised quickly that we were in a tricky situation when he admitted that he didn’t know his wife’s phone number to call her. So, we’d have to go back to the house and by this time, the attorneys had arrived to discuss next steps – how long would he be staying with us, what medication did he have and when did he need it next, etc?  There were still so many questions that needed to be answered, so we went back to try and engage with Mrs Khoza more formally (ie with the help of the attorneys).  However, we were frustrated once more – with no response.  The attorneys then decided to involve the police and try to get her attention using the sirens and uniformed officers’ assistance.  Still no response. Eventually, we gave up and left a letter with our contact details and a request to liaise more formally about my father’s visit with us.

From this point on, the Gawe family went into full problem-solving mode. We had to organise clothes (at least for overnight but maybe longer if we didn’t hear from Mrs Khoza), medication and maybe more depending on how long he stayed with us. The attorneys suggested we not try to make contact again but, having managed to sort out his medication at the hospital, he asked to return to the house and we reluctantly took him there.  With bated breath, we tried one last time to get a response at the gate but to no avail and we returned to the house with my father and settled in for the night. By this time, Dad was settling into the whole idea and had already started to tease and joke and return to a little of his old self.  We weren’t sure how the morning would be for him, but we were so grateful when – in the morning – he seemed to improve again and took everything in his stride, particularly as some old friends started to arrive for his unofficial Birthday braai. It was a wonderful day, with some amazingly typical Jo’burg weather – glorious sunshine at times followed by thunder and hail in the evening.  The house was perfect, though – the braai was on long enough to cook up enough food for an army and there was plenty of space to accommodate everyone inside.  Dad worked the room like an old pro and seemed not to tire at all.

By contrast, Sunday (New Year’s Eve) was a day of codas – we had to say goodbye to everyone at some point – with the hardest being my son, sister and niece, whose time with Dad/Grandpa was so very limited. This was also the day that we finally heard from Mrs Khoza – although not directly. Contact came via a phone call from Norwood Police station.  At this point, although we had been witnessed in our attempts to make contact, we’d had no confirmation that our note had been received, so we were at least now able to confirm that she was able to contact us, although she refused to do so directly and actually told the police that she wanted us to stay away from her home from now on.  Although she knew that the court order had stipulated that both parties would appoint attorneys, she insisted that our attorneys should be the ones to liaise with her. This then meant that the earliest we would be able to make contact would be Wednesday 3rd January, when my attorneys returned to work. There was not much to do, then, other than to entertain Dad and try to put him in touch with a few of his old friends.  Oh – and see in the New Year when I gave up and encouraged him to bed finally at 1.30am.

We had a couple of uneventful days, watching Dad getting more and more confident, lively and mischievous by the day.  He was keen to return to his home – if just to pick up a few belongings – but he wanted to stay with us as long as we were in the country, so we were at least reassured that we were not trying to keep him against his will but realised as time went by that he was more confused about the lack of contact from his wife.  We had to ensure, therefore, that we were doing everything we reasonably could to put him in touch with her, although our attorneys advised that we shouldn’t try to get access to the house without an agreement in place. Instead, they did as she asked and requested a meeting to discuss more formal arrangements. Our worst case scenario was that Mrs Khoza would not respond and would not engage again but would not make any further contact (resulting in some sort of de facto but unconfirmed rejection), but we hoped that some reasonable accommodation could be made such that he would at least retain contact on a regular basis with the family.  In the end, we were right to plan for the worst, as Mrs Khoza has still (almost a week later) not contacted anyone. The impact on my Dad was palpable initially – he was clearly upset at her lack of response – and the next few days meant rushing around to try and get him a temporary ID, a flight down to his brother’s home and some other basics.  We managed a lovely lunch at Marble in Jo’burg on his actual birthday but he was quite subdued having to go to the airport the next day.

Since then, we have maintained contact for the first time in over 6 years – we have a phone number for him which I will maintain, his brother is taking care of his health needs and setting up much-needed appointments, and we can hear that he is again quickly returning to his singsong self, remembering old nicknames for me (no – I’m not telling here) and enjoying some of our old joke formats: “Hey Nomtha, Vuyo is not as stupid as I look,” he says. “No, Dad,” I respond, “… she couldn’t be…”.  We still don’t know what will happen from now on – this phase of things is going to be in flux for a while for all of us, and while we can rejoice at his return, I can see that it is with some sadness for him that it appears to be at the expense of his marriage.  Much as we may feel he made a mistake, I have always tried to acknowledge his commitment to the marriage, and so I hope that he is able to make peace with whatever happens next.  I have heard of so many other tales where new wives have prevented the old family from maintaining contact – particularly in South Africa – but not one where there was any reunion with the former wife’s family. But for now, we Gawes (and others) are all enjoying having my Dad back as part of the family.

Does “Talent” really trump “Diversity”?

David Lammy’s article about the lack of diversity in Oxbridge brought up a lot of very interesting response comments.  I would normally ignore those, having read the main article but one in particular set me thinking.  The writer merely stated something along the lines that “talent is more important than diversity”. I then read another article today regarding the treatment of UCT’s deputy  Vice Chancellor, Professor Mamokgethi Phakeng, outlining a theory that, because of her African heritage (she jokes about her ‘kinky hair’), her qualifications for the role were treated with some suspicion by certain alumni members.

Is it the case, therefore, that we automatically assume talent exists within certain circles (public schools in particular) and not within others?  Is talent inherently related to class or one’s ability to pay for a particular education?  Is talent restricted or linked somehow to privilege?  If we place so much importance on only talent, how do we recognise it?  If we have a diverse population, should we not have the same or similar representation within a “talented” group of individuals?  Are we actually able to recognise it when it is packaged differently?  At public schools, students are not just taught to ace the exams, but they are trained in impressing at the Oxbridge interviews.  Their privilege has already given them access to people, situations and networks which many other schoolchildren don’t even know exist. So – should we look at where we expect to see talent and how we expect it to manifest? It all takes hard work – that is not being disputed – but what happens if, when we look around, we are not even thinking of looking at these other kids? Is it easier to believe that a black African Professor got her job purely because of her colour (affirmative action) and to balance the University’s diversity figures? Was there no scrutiny of her appointment or background checks to verify her capability? Is it easier to assume that she, in no way, possessed a modicum of talent or even reasonable qualifications?

It’s a tricky message to consider – yes we should be very concerned with recruiting talented and capable people, but what happens if we are also assuming that these people will just come to us? How much effort do we need to put into seeking out talent within less represented sectors of the population?

I once argued with someone about the lack of black players within the South African national rugby team. That an England team will regularly field more black players seemed to me bizarre and yet in more than 20 years post-Apartheid, South Africa struggles to find more than a handful of non-white players each year.  His response was that there quite clearly wasn’t the talent among the black population in South Africa… Specifically, he said, “It’s the white man’s game“.  But why? Do black players lack physicality or other skills necessary to play rugby? Really? I argued that they simply weren’t looking in the right places and therefore weren’t identifying or nurturing the right skills.  If the government then had to impose a quota to rectify or even start to rebalance the team, then at least SARU had had plenty of time to look at it themselves without significant results.

My assumption is not that the talent doesn’t exist – it just isn’t being found or sought out. My feeling about Oxbridge is the same. Talent should be considered inherently diverse, but in order to get that to be reflected in our elite institutions will take more work than just assuming it will be found by looking in the same places or by testing people the same way.  While the statement that talent should be considered more important than diversity is not automatically racist or sexist, if your assumption is that Oxbridge should not therefore change or reconsider its practices for identifying and nurturing that talent, I would argue that you are missing an important point. Oxbridge should not be dropping its standards – rather it should look at whether its own assumptions about how best to identify excellence works for more than just a privileged sector of society. In a diverse population, is it an unreasonable assumption that a pool of talented people should reflect this – maybe not precisely, but certainly much more closely?



Remembering Lost Fathers

On December 5th 2013, South Africa lost its most cherished father figure. The world lost one of our most celebrated statesmen. A family lost its father, grandfather and more. There is much to be said about Mandela’s symbolism to everyone – as leader, revolutionary, terrorist, statesman and diplomat that I feel it better to leave that to those who knew him or who will spend the time doing the hard research.

Today, on Father’s Day 2016, I find myself selfishly contemplating the “loss” of my own father, Stephen Gawe. Since 2013, we have only heard sketchy reports that he is alive but have no idea whether he is well. He apparently suffers from dementia and – whether this is as a result of his current medication or otherwise – he has been “lost” to most of his family for more than four years now.

Madiba reminds me a lot of my father in temperament and attitude – at least in my memory of him. I wouldn’t consider that to be overly contrived, but I do think it was deliberate. My father sought to emulate Mandela’s poise and thoughtfulness and – while he may have been a little different in his youth – I think that fatherhood, mellowness and a tendency towards peace was always part of him. While my Mother might tell me to stand up to the bullies and tormentors at school, my Father found this a difficult subject. Mum would often tell me to “kick ‘em in the shins” or call them “pink pigs” in response to the many racist taunts that would send me home in tears. Dad, though, would say very little. I think, for him, it was a case of being unable to express a breaking heart.

My father’s story is, like many other exiles and comrades in “The Struggle”, one that is almost impossible to comprehend but in his admiration of so many of the key players in the story, he is more likely to play his part down than try to talk it up. I am only now starting to build up a sketchy picture of parts of that story – and that is part of the loss. Without wanting to make him live through that time again, I would love to be spending time with him, hearing more of his stories and sharing those with my own family and friends.

I miss him terribly – but am also left unable really to mourn. When we were last in Johannesburg in December last year, we tried to visit but were once again frustrated. Although we could see movement in the house, no one even acknowledged our presence. High walls and a solid metal gate surround him and even his closest family is not permitted entry. My father’s cheeky, intelligent and astute sense of humour and sensitivity means that most of the time we have spent together has been uplifting and positive. However, I feel as though I am now missing all the down beats that come of a full relationship.

My Father is alive but is also no longer able to maintain a relationship with us – his children, grandchildren, sisters, brother and so many dear old friends. It is not for want of trying. We write him, email and attempt to elicit responses. We used to try phoning until the numbers he used went dead. We know my Father is alive… but is he well? Until a few years ago, I was in contact with the Reverend at his church and she would email with news of his decline whenever she could spare the time. Unfortunately, his church attendance has also waned and even she is no longer in contact with him.

Unfortunately, there is almost no way to tell and the latest news via the awful grapevine of South African gossip-mongers is just too painful to recount in any detail. I would like to be re-united with my Father – for us all to be his connection to the past which (if his diagnosis of dementia is correct) might at least be something we can help to manage and understand. It would be a wonderful thing to be able to tell the many friends who ask after him so often that he is “doing well” or even that he is “deteriorating badly but he had a good day last month”…

There is a prolonged and wearing state of partial grieving that goes on in the meantime. Have you ever stood outside your parent’s home and not been allowed in?  You can see them moving around inside but they don’t even come to the door to tell you you’re not welcome? If you have experienced that, you have my utmost sympathy – there is a “loss” that is very difficult for some people to understand. What makes this even more difficult for me to accept is that I don’t even believe that it’s what he wants.

Happy Father’s Day 2016, Dad. I hope you are well and know just how much you are missed by too many to mention.

My thoughts (again) – on Scotland and Independence

Thoughts on Scotland and Independence

I wish I could come up with a better and stronger reason for being interested in the Scottish referendum than “just” considering myself British, but I’m not sure I can. I could push that, for the first two years of my life, I knew only Scotland and spoke with such a strong Scottish accent, my poor (African) mother reported that she was at pains to understand me at times. Or maybe I could stretch to the tentative mention of an Aunt who, during one visit, mentioned that my Great Great Grandfather may have been a Scot. We haven’t been able to work out anything more about that – it helps to explain the pale hue of my mother’s line but without some idea as to who or when, then I guess I’m stretching too far (definitely wouldn’t be enough for me to play for the national Rugby team).

No – I have always loved Scotland and it was my mother’s wish that I be born there. She couldn’t help it that she wasn’t well enough to travel and I was born in England – my Dad was there and our heart was in Edinburgh! Honest.

But either way, any way, we are all of us in the UK affected by the Scottish referendum. I am torn in so many ways – I would love to be voting in this referendum but I’m also glad that this is not my decision to make. There is – what feels to me – a mischievous streak that would love, love, love to see an Independent Scotland. I have no doubt that Scotland as an independent country could thrive – although possibly not with Alex Salmond’s leadership. But I’m proud to be British, and a big part of that pride stems on keeping Scotland within the Union. Emotionally, there is no way to resolve these sides – they take prominence on pretty much alternate days at the moment… And today I think the change has been hourly.

One of the most disappointing aspects to me of the “Yes” campaign has been their lack of any sign of back-up thinking. The “No” campaign is always going to be hampered by the fact that it is – by its very definition – negative! It will always be negativity. Who can see “Yes” and then say that’s a Negative campaign? That’s the first point that David Cameron lost – it may initially only have been 1 point but now it’s too close to call and that 1 point may well prove too much to have given.

But hmmm – what do I feel? I’m a proper swinger. I’ve had too much time off work lately to have ignored the option to go and look at the arguments – on both sides. I’ve looked and I’ve considered. And I’ve been disappointed by the lack of openness from the “yes” campaign as well as the lack of passion from the “no” campaign.

There are huge questions looming. Instead of pushing that “…Westminster will [need to] agree to our position”, why not work on developing an alternative plan or plans? Why not consider unilateral use of the Pound at least in the meantime and work with the Scottish banks to develop an independent currency? Why not develop a plan for an EU application – rather than assume an automatic membership? Why not say what your back-up plans would be?

That’s the thing that would rip the carpet right out from under the “no” campaign’s feet. Europe is not happy but it might be happy to think about new members in maybe 10-15 years’ time. What if Scotland had to wait that long? Why not develop a plan for that now and develop something that might be more palatable, at least in principle.

The No campaign, on the other hand, has been a classic example of how not to run an election/campaign. They have focused on party politics. This is NOT a party political campaign – this is about Scottish independence, which happens to have the SNP as its main driving force. Focusing on the party politics aspect – calling this “Alex Salmond’s plans” or referring to the “SNP” plans is too limiting and it makes a lot of voters switch off. I’d be offended if, on a “yes” day, I were suddenly categorized as a particular “voter”… it shows a singularly ineffective view of the entire campaign. The “no” campaign has completely misunderstood this – and just makes one feel that Westminster’s view is more horrifically divorced from the current feeling within the country than anything else.

Scotland is lucky to have this focus.

Wow – I just had to reread that last sentence which is why I have also isolated it. I’m not sure where it came from but I know it’s what I meant to say. What Scotland has right now is an unprecedented opportunity – voter engagement is higher than it’s ever been in my lifetime – can we ALL learn from this? We do have more of a say in our politics than ever before – we can pressure our parliament, our MPs without having to wait for time in their surgeries simply through social media. But we don’t use it – or we don’t use it well. Why didn’t we have this level of engagement when we had an opportunity to change the way our votes are counted?   We will almost definitely see a majority of people coming out to say that their votes “won’t count/don’t matter” next May but did they take the opportunity to change their voting system when it was offered so that their vote might have more say? Maybe we do just need to offer simpler questions to the country: Would you like a more influential voting system: Yes or No? OK – it’s too easy to say “which system” but that’s effectively what Scotland is voting on, isn’t it? Well no – what they have is an opportunity to vote on something completely different. No ambiguity, no representative level about it (other than the subsequent negotiation, obviously)…

Maybe it’s that that’s my sticking point. I know that the negotiations would still be on a representative basis – Alex Salmond (would he be the lead negotiator if he were voted out of leadership in May?) has already shown that he can get his way over David Cameron (although who knows who will be leading the rUK discussions after May) on some very key points.

An independent committee on how best to implement either Independence or Devolution (including for the rest of the UK) would be best placed to consider the various options which need to be reviewed – maybe we should have put those folks into a bunker already but I can almost certainly say that – were I eligible to vote, I still wouldn’t know which cross I’d have put on the paper tonight and I think that’s no bad thing.

My Thoughts on Women’s Afro Hair

Some time ago (some months as I write), there was a debate (no – not a debate, an unstructured discussion) on Woman’s Hour. The women invited took two popular but unhelpfully extreme positions: “Love the Weave” vs “Only Natural Will Do”.

Clearly Jenny Murray is in no position to comment on her own experience of afro hair and could contribute little (or less) to the discussion and it spiraled into an argument over whether the Weave woman should wear it or not. Useless. On so many levels.  I really desperately wanted to wade into the discussion but I couldn’t properly frame my thoughts at the time.

So I took some time and then almost completely forgot to write them down. The discussion started by comparing Naomi Campbell’s latest (at the time) hairstyle which was “faux naturel” and Lupita Nyong’o’s appearance at the Oscars. Was it a brave thing for Lupita to wear her hair naturally? Some of the discussion seemed to go that way but something nagged at me.

Lupita grew up in Kenya where her hair would not have been an unusual focal point. My experience, growing up in Southampton, though, was likely quite different. My experience may not be true for every Black British woman, but I’m sure there are enough of us who do remember this: “Can I touch your hair?” and before you know it, your head is being patted, pulled and squealed at. It’s not actually a question.

When I did say no, it was often too late – and then you’re accused of being rude; not being any fun; not “playing the game”; or even worse – of being somehow “unfair”. But hang on – since when is it rude to object to someone touching you? Does this sound familiar? What concerns me is anyone who doesn’t wait for the assent – why wouldn’t you wait? We are teaching our young girls to be responsible for their bodies – hair included. We need to teach them to respect others’ as well.

If you don’t need to hear “yes”, do you also presume some sort of authority over that person?   It was this feeling of someone else’s presumption which really made me angry. These girls felt it was OK to treat me like their plaything – did that mean that they thought of themselves as “superior” to me in some regard as well? Was I really just a thing for their amusement? I didn’t think so but something didn’t sit well with me. Then that reaction that my hair in some way wasn’t “right” – or worse that it was icky or scary – formed, for me, a lasting impression. Now when I return to the Women’s Hour discussion, the politics of black hair should really address this aspect of how other people treat your hair – if you’ve had it patted and pulled for years and hated it, why not try to make it less of a thing of interest? I was frustrated that the discussion didn’t attempt to make this point because so many people don’t give it a second thought.

Then my niece wrote this poem, which brought a lot of feelings back – mainly sorrow that she (although living and growing up in a much more diverse area) still goes through this same thing.

No Point

By Ruby Gawe

People keep telling me,

“Can I touch your hair?”

Except there’s no point

because they’re already

pulling my scalp and hurting

my hair.


People keep telling me,

“Can I touch your hair?”

And I can’t say no,

so it’s like my head is stuck

in a crane’s metal jaws


My mum does my hair

and I like it

that way. She does it

really well

then people come

and make it look

like a bramble bush!

Do you think I don’t care?


I wish,

just one day, people will

actually wait for my answer.

F.Y.I it will be no!

The important thing to take from this is – whatever the answer, you need to teach your kids to wait for it and respect it when it comes.  I don’t have any answers to the question of natural or no for Afro hair – and I certainly don’t expect there to be a more measured discussion on this any time soon, but maybe I will have more of these thoughts to hand next time the question comes up!